- Please select the most appropriate span of time for each of the following [4pts in total]:
- The Bayh-Dole Act was passed, which gave rise to university technology transfer offices; the GNU Project and Free Software Foundation were founded; the US acceded to the international Berne Convention on copyrights; software was explicitly covered by US federal copyright law [ 1 pt]
- Creative Commons was founded. [1 pt]
- UNIX was published, Michael Hart started digitizing texts for what became Project Gutenburg, and Bill Gates wrote his “Open Letter to Hobbyists”. [1 pt]
- Linus Torvalds started writing the Linux kernel, the Digital Millenium Copyright Act was passed. [1 pt]
- Several elements are combined in different ways to form the various Creative Commons licenses.
- NC C
- SA A
- ND D
- BY B
- A) You must convey the same rights “downstream” that were conveyed to you by “upstream”.
- B) You must attribute the contributions of the original or upstream creators of the work.
- C) You may not use the work for commercial purposes.
- D) You may not make changes to the work.
- The presence of which license elements make a license “non-free” in the eyes
of the FSF? (give the letters, 1 pt each)
- Which license element is a copyleft? (give the letter, 1 pt)
- Name two projects which distribute a body of non-software, free culture data,
and briefly name or describe the kind of data. (1 pt XC each)
- Wikimedia: distributes educational content (everything from Wikipedia to
- Freesound: Creative Commons licensed music and audio.
- We discussed several concepts involving rights, restrictions, and licensing.
Match the capital letter of the term on the left with lower-case letter of the
most appropriate description on the right. (2 pts each)
- trademark B
- copyright C
- patent A
- trademark F
- copyright D
- patent E
- a) 20 year term
- b) lasts as long as used & defended
- c) life of the author plus 70 years
- d) arises as soon as a work takes tangible form
- e) precedence is given to the first to file an application
- f) protects consumers from confusing one product with another